What is a stem cell?
Stem cells are cells which are able to transform into any other type of cells with different functions.
With other words we call them cells who are "capable of anything".
After conception the embryo consists of such cells which are "capable of anything," beginning from the fifteenth day of development these cells differentiate, nerve, muscle bone and skin cells will grow from them.
Adult and embryonic stem-cells have very similar characteristics, but they differ in that the isolation of adult stem-cells from the bone marrow is more difficult.
The stem-cell exits the bone-marrow and enters the blood-stream It gets into the organs with the help of a special messenger material.When it reaches the goal territory, it exploits its fission ability and forwards its copy, and the stem itself infiltrate and becomes the cell of the organ.
If an organ does not work in the best way, or it is attacked in a way and requires cell supplement then it sends a message to the bone marrow, which recognizes the information and send the stem-cells.
They have to get to the right organ with as least damage as possible, recognize it and become cells of the organ. Hereby the organ can renew, by preserving its functions and working healthily.
With the exertion of stem-cell
- They can renew not only organs but other tissues and bones as well
The gel like material which makes up the vertebral disk can be generated. (e.g. vertebral disk degeneration)
- Pancreas has been being reproduced for 10 years.
- Eyesight can be regained and corrigible
- Successful liver, cardiac muscle and leukaemia treatments.
- Diabetes can be treated.Stem-cell is a kind of cell which can transform into any kind of other cell.
The real purpose of stem cell research: